Super Heroes are fascinating creatures and we have always tried to replicate them but only in Comic-con. We know you are a fan of Superman, Batman and Iron Man and would love to see them in real life. Talking about Superman, we all know its impossible, and we have no idea what billionaires do with their money, why isn’t there any Batman yet? Ironman looks a bit realistic too but the source of arc reactor and how this fictional technology works was never explained in the movie.
But you have something to cheer about now. Like Tony Stark in the movie, there are engineers working in MIT-Massachusetts Institute of Technology on this concept.
A new magnet technology is the start of an innovative modular fusion ARC reactor that generates the same amount of energy as much larger designs. Although this compact reactor is not as small as the one seen in Iron Man, researchers at MIT believe that this new concept could become the main source of clean, renewable energy in the world in 10 years.
Fusion reactions occur when hydrogen atoms collide with each other at very high temperatures to form helium. These atomic combinations lead to tremendous energy release, and becomes self-sustaining at higher temperatures.The biggest challenge has always been to confine the hot temperatures by Hydrogen Plasma. Powerful magnetic fields seem like a good answer, but, we need very large reactors to produce them.
The proposed reactor, described in Fusion Engineering and Design, uses new commercially available superconductors made of rare-earth barium copper oxide (REBCO) superconducting tapes, producing self-sustaining fusion energy in reactors much smaller than the ones already created. The researchers claim the new magnets can release ten times more energy than the standard superconducting technology, and they can run for long periods of time without overheating.
In addition to being more economical to build, the superconductors in the smaller modular fusion reactor are strong enough to increase fusion power by about a factor of 10 compared to standard superconducting technology, says PhD candidate Brandon Sorbom, who co-authored the report with Whyte and 11 others at MIT.